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Rishi Sunak officially becomes UK PM after meeting King

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London: Indian-born Conservative Party politician Rishi Sunak officially became UK Prime Minister on Tuesday after meeting King Charles III at Buckingham Palace, media reported.

In his first speech as prime minister, Sunak said: “The UK is in economic difficulties…economic stability is at the top of my agenda…my actions will speak louder.”

“I will give my all to help people… I hope to live up to the demands,” he added.

Sunak will be the third UK leader in seven weeks after winning a Conservative leadership contest sparked by the resignation of Liz Truss as prime minister, the BBC reported.

After being selected by Conservative MPs on Monday, he warned that the country faced a “profound economic challenge”.

Sunak ruled out a snap general election, despite calls from Labour, the Scottish National Party, the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party.

(IANS)


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‘Need to do something for poor people’, President raises issue of overcrowding in prisons

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New Delhi: President Droupadi Murmu raised the issue of prison overcrowding on Saturday, stressing that something needs to be done for the poor in prisons.

In her farewell speech at the Constitution Day celebrations organized by the Supreme Court, the President said: “I come from a very small town. Where I was born, people considered three people to be God: teachers, doctors, and lawyers.”

He added that in order to overcome their problems, people were even willing to give away all their money and property to doctors and lawyers.

“It is said that the prisons are becoming overcrowded and that it is necessary to set up more prisons,” said the President.

“Are we going towards development? What is the need to set up more prisons? We have to reduce their number. The poor people imprisoned for many years for petty crimes need help,” said Murmu.

He pointed out that people are even jailed for slapping someone or for some other minor offense, while there are people who do many things, even kill others, but walk free.

The event was attended by Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud, Minister of Justice Kiren Rijiju, Attorney General of India R. Venkataramani, Attorney General Tushar Mehta, Supreme Court Justices and members of the Bar Association.

The President emphasized that there are poor people in prisons and something must be done for them.

“You have to do something for these people. Who are these people in jail? They don’t know fundamental rights or fundamental duties,” said Murmu, who recommended decongesting prisons.

The President said that people do not act to free their relatives, who are languishing in jails, because they feel that they would have to sell their utensils and goods.

The president said the legislature, executive and judiciary must have “one thought” for the country and its people, adding that the checks and balances must be there, but somewhere “we need to work together.”

“Our job is to think about the people (poor defendants who languish in prisons). We all have to think and get out somehow… I leave it all to you,” she said.

(IANOS)


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India successfully orbits Indo-French collaborative EOS 6/OCEANSAT, 8 other satellites

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Sriharikota (Andhra Pradesh): India successfully placed the Indo-French EOS 06 ocean observation satellite and eight other nanosatellites into orbit on Saturday with its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket numbered PSLV-C54.

Announcing the success of the mission, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Space Department Chairman and Secretary S. Somanath said all the satellites have been launched.

He also said that the EOS 06 satellite’s solar arrays had been deployed and the satellite was in the precise orbit as expected and congratulated the ISRO team.

The XL variant of the PSLV rocket carrying the 1117kg EOS-6 as the lead passenger and eight others lifted off from the first launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Center (SDSC) here at 11:56am.

Overlays include satellites from two Indian startups: Syzygy Space Technologies Pvt Ltd, commonly known as Pixxel (Anand-16.51 kg), and Dhruvaspace’s two Thybolt satellites: 1.45 kg, Spaceflight USA’s Astrosat (four number 17 .92 kg) and ISRO’s INS-2B ( 18.28 kg).

Approximately 17 minutes into the flight, the rocket ejected EOS-6. The orbit was then changed using two orbit change thrusters inserted into the ring of the rocket propulsion bay. The passengers in tow were ejected on Orbit-2.

The entire mission lasted about two hours.

With this, the PSLV rocket has put 349 foreign satellites into orbit to date.

If you factor in the 36 UK-based OneWeb satellites that were launched into orbit by another LVM3 rocket this year, the total number of foreign satellites launched by ISRO would rise to 385.

At the end of the final countdown, the four-stage, 44.4m-tall expendable XL variant of the PSLV rocket weighing 321 tons slowly rose into the skies with a thick orange flame on its tail.

The rocket gained speed as it ascended while making a rolling thunder sound.

The PSLV rocket runs on solid (first and third stage) and liquid (second and fourth stage) fuels alternately.

The rocket that flew Saturday was PSLV’s 56th mission and the 24th mission with the PSLV-XL variant that has six auxiliary engines with six tons of fuel.

ISRO said the Indo-French EOS-06/Oceansat collaboration will provide continuity services from the Oceansat-2 spacecraft with enhanced payload capabilities and application areas.

EOS-06 payloads include Ocean Color Monitor (OCM-3), Sea Surface Temperature Monitor (SSTM), Ku-Band Scatterometer (SCAT-3), and ARGOS, a French payload.

According to France, ARGOS will reinforce the existing fleet of Indo-French satellites working in meteorological monitoring that are already in orbit (MEGHA-TROPIQUES and SARAL-ALTIKA), thus enhancing the contributions related to the objectives of the Paris Agreement.

The Indian space agency said the satellite will ensure continuity of ocean color data and wind vector data to support operational applications. It will also improve applications, accommodating some additional data sets such as sea surface temperature and more bands in the optical region for fluorescence and in the infrared region for atmospheric corrections.

The satellite will also develop/improve related algorithms and data products to serve well-established application areas and to enhance mission utility.

INS-2B is ISRO’s second nanosatellite for Bhutan with two payloads, namely NanoMx and APRS-Digipeater. The NanoMx is a multispectral optical imaging payload developed by its Space Applications Center (SAC). The APRS-Digipeater payload is jointly developed by DITTBhutan and ISRO’s UR Rao Satellite Center (URSC), ISRO said.

Bhutan’s Information and Communication Minister Lyonpo Karma Donnen Wangdi, who had witnessed the mission from here, said ISRO’s commendable record in launching satellites leaves no doubt about the mission’s success.

He said the mission is another key milestone of the close relationship between India and Bhutan.

Wangdi said that the satellite was built during the covid-19 pandemic.

Indian External Affairs Minister S. Jaishakar said ISRO is working to set up a ground station in Bhutan.

Pixxel’s Anand Nanosatellite is a technology demonstrator to demonstrate the capabilities and commercial applications of a miniaturized Earth observation camera for Earth observation using a microsatellite in low Earth orbit. This is a three-axis stabilized satellite consisting of a satellite bus, which accommodates all subsystems such as telemetry, telecommand, electric power system, Attitude Determination and Control System (ADCS), on-board computers and others and a unit of payload, ISRO said.

Dhuruvaspace’s Thybolt satellites have a communication payload that enables rapid technology demonstration and multi-user constellation development. It also demonstrates Store-and-Forward functionality for authorized users on the amateur frequency band.

Astrocast, a 3U spacecraft, is a technology demonstration satellite for Internet of Things (IoT) payload.

(IANOS)


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13,214 Norwegian visitor visas for Indians from Jan-Oct 2022

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New Delhi: Indians gained the most as Norway granted them a total of 13,214 visitor visas from January to October this year, according to a report.

Statistics provided by the Norwegian Directorate of Immigration (UDI) to SchengenVisaInfo.com marked a notable monthly increase in the number of visitor visas for Indians from January to June. A total of 138 visitor visas were granted to Indian citizens in January, 273 in February, 842 in March, 959 in April, 1,500 in May and 2,368 in June.

The largest increase in the number of visitor visas granted to Indian citizens was recorded in September, with a total of 2,156.

In July, Indians received a total of 1,635 visitor visas, followed by a total of 1,869 in August, September and 1,476 in October, the visa website reported.

In total, 47,917 visitor visas were granted for a period from January to October this year, according to the UDI.

A visitor visa allows you to stay in Norway or other countries in the Schengen area for up to 90 days during a 180-day period. The processing time for these visas is between 15 and 30 days. To reduce processing time, you can apply up to six months in advance.

The visa fee costs 80 euros (approximately 6,700 rupees) for adults and 40 euros (approximately 3,252 rupees) for children aged six to 11. It is free for children under six years of age.

(IANOS)


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